What is splitboarding and how does it work?

February 16, 2023
Over the last few years, splitboarding has really taken off as a way to explore the backcountry. But what is splitboarding exactly, how does it work, and what do you need to try this adventurous form of snowboarding for yourself? Keep reading to find out!
What is splitboarding and how does it work?

What is a splitboard?

A splitboard is a snowboard that can be split in half lengthwise, so that both halves can be used as skis for uphill climbing. When the board is split in half, splitboarding is very similar to ski touring, a form of skiing that is focused on exploring undiscovered areas of the mountain. Special ‘skins’ can be attached to the base of the skis for added traction, and just like in cross country skiing, splitboard bindings allow your heels to move freely. Once you have reached the top of the mountain, you can easily re-assemble your board so you can enjoy your well-earned turns in unridden powder. Before the splitboard became popular, freeride snowboarders often carried along a pair of skis or snowshoes on their backcountry adventures. With a splitboard, there is no need to bring along that extra gear, making it easier and less tiring to discover unridden terrain.

Splitboarden - O'Neill

Who invented the splitboard?

The splitboard was invented in the 90s by Brett Kobernik. “Kowboy” Kobernik worked closely together with Voile-founder Mark Wariakos to bring the first splitboard kit on the market in 1994. It took some time however, before splitboarding was widely embraced in the snowboard world. In the period 2010-2020 splitboarding became the go-to solution for adventurous backcountry riders. The newfound popularity was caused by technical innovations, including lighter-weight and easier-to-use bindings, and a more affordable price tag. Apart from specialised freeride snowboard companies, a lot of mainstream snowboard companies now also offer good quality splitboards for a reasonable price.

How to get into splitboarding?

If you want to get into splitboarding, you need to get the right gear, a good outfit, and a good condition. Additionally, you need to take safety measures. When you go out of bounds, there is a higher risk of avalanches and accidents, and help is often far away. Therefore, you have to learn about safety risks and bring specific safety equipment. If you are just getting into splitboarding, we advise you to start practising at the side of the slopes. This allows you to gain some experience with disassembling your board, hiking with skins and re-assembling your board before heading down.

What gear do you need for splitboarding?

The main thing you need for splitboarding is a splitboard. You can choose the board size you normally ride, taking into account your weight and riding style. Remember that a bigger board offers more float in powder, which is what you hope to be riding mostly. Besides a board, you need skins and collapsible poles for hiking. For icy conditions and really steep climbs, you can also bring along crampons, a sort of metal spikes that can be mounted to the underside of your bindings. And, as mentioned before, you need safety equipment like an avalanche beacon, probes and a shovel. Lastly, you also need a comfortable backpack to stash all your splitboarding essentials. Don’t forget to pack some snacks and drinks as well, because there probably won’t be a lot of bars and restaurants where you are heading.

Do you need special bindings for a splitboard?

Specific splitboard bindings aren’t essential, but we do recommend them. With a split adapter set, you can mount almost any regular snowboard binding to your splitboard. Splitboard bindings, however, weigh less and are easier to use. And unlike regular bindings, they have integrated climbing bars that allow your heels to be released when climbing.

What to wear when splitboarding?

Splitboarding is 90% hiking up the mountain, and only 10% riding (probably even less, because you also need time to mess with your gear). This means you will be really working up a sweat. Therefore, a breathable and waterproof jacket and pants are key. The higher intensity also means you don’t have to dress as warm as you would for regular resort riding. Use a layering system to build your outfit. This allows you to easily add and shed layers when needed.

What are the main differences between skiing and snowboarding?

Skiing and snowboarding are two ways to slide down a snowy mountain. The biggest difference is that snowboarders ride sideways using a board, while skiers go forward with two skis on their feet. In addition to that, skiers usually use ski poles to manoeuvre down the mountain.

Which one is easier to learn skiing or snowboarding?

This is quite a tricky question, because there is no consensus among experts as of yet. However, it’s often said that skiing is easier to learn, but harder to master. The reason for this is that on skis, you face forwards and can move both legs independently. Thanks to the poles in your hand, it’s not hard to keep your balance while standing still or at lower speeds. Especially if you have some experience with ice skating or rollerblading, skiing can feel quite natural.

Snowboarding, on the other hand, might be a struggle at first. With both feet strapped onto one board and trying to ride sideways, it’s harder to balance and maneuver. As a result, you will spend a fair amount of time falling and sitting on your knees and behind when you just start. But once you have survived those first one or two days, it’s often easier to progress. After one week, you’re often able to turn in both directions, and with a bit of luck, you can even perform some basic tricks.


Which one is faster: Skiing or Snowboarding?

In general, there are only small differences between skiing and snowboarding in terms of speed. Trained skiers and snowboarders you will see around the resort will reach similar speeds. The speed someone can reach depends more on a rider's comfort level, skill, and preferences than on the choice between a pair of skis or a snowboard.

When you look at world records however, skiing is the fastest of the two.

  • The world speed record for skiing is 255 km per hour by Simon Billy in 2023
  • while the speed record in snowboarding is ‘only’ 203 km/h. by Edmond Plawczyk in 2015

Do you want to go faster yourself? Check out our slim fit snowboard jackets and snowboard trousers for men and women for increased aerodynamics!

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Differences in style between skiing and snowboarding

Skiing is often seen as more elegant and graceful than snowboarding. This is largely due to the upright stance and parallel movements. Snowboarding, on the other hand, has a more loose and nonchalant style – a sort of swagger. Advanced riders are often able to express themselves in a creative way. This is especially true for freestyle snowboarders.

Is there a difference in equipment for skiing & snowboarding?

Of course, there is a difference in equipment between skiing and snowboarding. To begin with, for snowboarding you need a snowboard with bindings, and specific snowboard boots. These boots are often softer and more comfortable than ski boots. That is why they are called soft boots. For skiing, you need a pair of skis with bindings, and ski boots. In terms of clothing, you need the same equipment. We advise a water and wind resistant snow jacket and pants, plus insulating and moist-wicking layers underneath to keep you warm and dry.

Have Fun!

Snowboarding and skiing are both great sports that we deeply love. The question whether skiing or snowboarding is better, is impossible to answer, just like the question which sport is more fun. Consider what you find most important, and if you can’t decide, just try them both!

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